Questions to be Answered:

Fine-Structure Constant?

(i) The Origin
(ii) The Abacus
(iii) The Qbox
(iv) Entropy
(v) Fine-Structure Constant


Why 3-D Existence?

(i) 4π Symmetry

(ii) Existence in 3-D

Twenty Six Dimensions

Why Families of Quarks & Leptons?

¬ We do not know yet. 


The Challenge

Design a functioning device for α 1/134.

(Current technologies are for  α < 1/137.)


In a Nutshell

Nutshell 2019

Nutshell 2018

Nutshell 2017

Nutshell 2016

Nutshell 2015

Nutshell 2014


Knots in j-space

Trefoil Knot
Figure-8 Knot
Gauss Code
Laurent Polynomials
Virtual Knots
Unknotting DNA

Algebraic Topology: a beginner's course by NJ Wildberger UNSW

Knot Theory Lectures by Anthony Bosman




Contact Us  


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    The objective of ijspace.org, is to take a not too serious look at nature from a non-expert's point of view.  It is a tribute to great minds, who have shaped the course of our civilization and continue to do so.

The One


Recent Updates

22nd April 2022

An Ecosystem of δ-Potentials - III

22nd December 2021
An Ecosystem of δ-Potentials - II

19th July 2020
An Ecosystem of δ-Potentials - I

19th April 2020

4th January 2020
Added a section on Essential Learning on Home Page

2nd November 2019
Stitching Measurement Space Together - III

7th September 2019
Stitching Measurement Space Together - II

30th August 2019
b-field and the lower "mass" bound (FN1 added)

29th June 2019     
Stitching Measurement Space Together - I

      27th June 2019
        Mass Length Topology  (FN3 updated)

19th May 2019
Mass Length Topology

        9th May 2019
        A Timeless Constant

25th March 2019
Space Time and Entropy

5th February 2019
Nutshell 2018

10th December 2018
The Curve of Least Disorder

1st October 2018
Möbius & Lorentz Transformations - II

30th July 2018
Möbius & Lorentz Transformations - I

Essential Learning

Paul Dirac's Christchurch Lectures on Quantum Mechanics (1975)

Richard Feynman's University of Auckland Lectures on QED (1979)

Leonard Susskind's Stanford University Theoretical Minimum Lecture

Carl Bender's PIRSA Lectures on Mathematical Physics

Barton Zweibach's MIT Lectures on Quantum Physics (I, II, III)

Cliff Burgess's McMaster U. Lectures on Introduction to QFT for Undergraduates

Topics in j-space

Action in j-space

Anharmonic Coordinates

Andromeda Galaxy

Axiom of Foundation

Boltzmann Constant

Chiral Symmetry

Compton Wavelength



The Curve of Least Disorder

De Broglie Equation

Discrete Space

Discreteness vs. Quantum

Duality Wave-Particle

Euclid's Axioms

Exclusion Principle


Finiteness vs. Quantum

Nature of Central Force

Gödel's Metric

Why is h needed?

Identity Matrix

Incompleteness I
Incompleteness II

Infinite Fulcrum  

Infinite Source  

Initial State 



Lorentz's Distribution

Lorentz Transformation

Majorana States

Mass Generation

Möbius Transformation

The Observers

A Paradox

EPR Paradox 

Planck Constant

Quantum Computing


Riemann Hypothesis

Schrödinger's Cat

Set Theory

Single Element Matrices

Pauli Spin Matrices





Virtual Twins Symmetry


Concept of Time

Uncertainty Reln in j-space


Zero-Trace Matrices

ZFC Axioms


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